The 6th April will mark the first anniversary of The Insolvency (England & Wales) Rules 2016, (commonly referred to as the “New Rules”). Doesn’t time fly? So, we thought the anniversary was an opportunity to reflect and comment on the major changes introduced by the New Rules.
The right to opt out of receiving future correspondence – this has been used by about 5% of creditors, typically where there will be no return to creditors or where the creditor decides to write the debt off and does not want to keep being reminded of the bad debt every 12 months. This appears to be a well thought out change to the legislation and one which is well understood by creditors, particularly when you bear in mind that any notice of intended dividend must still be sent to these creditors, giving them the chance to opt back in when appropriate.
The right for an IP to post all documents online, having given notice to creditors they will do so – this rule change has not really been tested. The proof of how well creditors understand this change will come in the next few months as the second report since the New Rules is uploaded with no notice to creditors. The rule has been brought in to cut down on the copying and postage costs associated with each report to improve returns to creditors, but will that cost be replaced by phone calls with creditors asking for updates? Time will tell.
The abolition of physical meetings and the new decision procedures – this is probably the most fundamental change and is explained in detail in our blog here. Put simply, physical meetings can only be requisitioned by creditors (under a set criteria) and creditors’ views are now sought by virtual meetings, correspondence, electronic voting or deemed consent. We have had two instances where creditors have asked for physical meetings and, in both occasions, it was probably unnecessary (indeed in one the physical meeting was adjourned and nobody attended the adjourned meeting). Some good points of this rule change include the removal of final meetings (which nobody ever attended and were a waste of time and money) and the increased flexibility the New Rules now offer meaning two different cases, say a “Burial” liquidation of a company with minimal assets and a large complex company can be administered differently rather than applying a “one size fits all” approach which was excessive in many cases.
Standard Forms now longer exist – in their place have come a prescribed list of information in a set order (sounds like a form doesn’t it!) Despite the abolition of prescribed forms, Companies House have issued new forms for their purpose, which must be used when filing. The real purpose of this rule we suspect has not yet been met yet; at PBC we believe the purpose here is to allow online filing of the information at some point in the future.
The formation of creditors’ committee has changed – previously creditors had to vote for both the formation of a committee and its members at the same time. If the former happened but the minimum of three members were not forthcoming, then the committee was not formed. Now the New Rules mean that creditors can vote for the formation of a committee but not its members. If this happens, the IP then has to seek nominations for the minimum number of members and only then if there are insufficient members does the committee not form. At PBC we have seen this occur on several occasions, probably because of the creditors not understanding what a vote in favour of a committee means.
The New Rules have introduced many changes which are too numerous to list but these are, in our view, the major changes affecting creditors. It is also interesting to note The Association of Business Recovery Professionals, the industry’s trade body, took nearly ten months to update the standard terms it issues which form part of IVAs and are yet, at the time of writing, to update their Creditor Insolvency Guide website!
So in summary, are the New Rules good or bad? In theory our short experience is they are, in the main, a positive move forward. However, it is a question that cannot be fully answered until they are tested in court over the next year or so.